Building the Grid: From Paper to Street, Block and Lot
John Jacob Astor’s Country House at Hell Gate
After G. Hayward, “J. Jacob Astor’s Former Residence 88th St. near East River, House in which Washington Irving Wrote His Astoria”
Emmet Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations
Astor’s country house stood near 87th Street and Avenue A (York Avenue), with a prospect of the East River at the strait called Hell Gate, named for the dangerous waters.